Browsing All Posts filed under »literary criticism«

Use of Conceits in Donne’s Poetry

September 29, 2009


Clearly the seventeenth century had the courage of its metaphors and they made them the organic parts of its staple, imposed them on the nearest and the farthest things with equal vigour as clearly as the nineteenth century lacked this courage and was half-heartedly metaphorical or content with similes. The difference between the literary qualities […]

Johnson’s Preface to Shakespeare

September 11, 2009


Samuel Johnson’s Preface to ‘The Plays of William Shakespeare’ is a classical document of literary criticism. It is proof enough of the qualities of lucidity, energy and individuality on the part of Johnson, who has presented before us an impartial and objective judgment of Shakespeare. He has excelled his guru, Dryden in superbly defending the […]

Aristotle’s ‘Poetics’ – Concept of Pity and Fear

April 6, 2009


Aristotle defines tragedy as “an imitation of action … it arouses pity and fear.” The audience becomes aware of the fact that catastrophe in a tragedy, that is, the death of the hero arouses pity and fear.  The words ‘pity’ and ‘fear’ cannot be reduced to one level of meaning. It was Aristotle who for […]


October 27, 2008


Expressionism is an anti-realistic mode of artistic expression that flourished in Germany from about 1910 through the 1920’s. The German Expressionist painters employed expressive devices – like sharply angular lines unknown in nature and objects endowed with unnatural colour – in an attempt to suggest a new perception of reality.German expressionist dramatists such as Georg […]

‘Impressionism’ in Literature

October 24, 2008


The term ‘Impressionism’ comes from the school of mid-nineteenth century French painting, which was in reaction to the academic style of the day. The Impressionists, as they called themselves, made the act of perception the key for the understanding of the structure of reality. They developed a technique by which objects were not seen as […]

‘Religion and Literature’ – T.S. Eliot

October 1, 2008


The essay ‘Religion and Literature’ written by T.S. Eliot can be viewed as a reaction against the tradition of viewing a literary work from purely aesthetic point of view. Many critics, especially the New Critics, believed that literature is not to be valued for its ethical and theological significance. But T.S. Eliot held the opinion […]

Thomas Carlyle – ‘The Grand Old Man of Victorian Literature’

September 2, 2008


A Painting of Thomas Carlyle ( Thomas Carlyle, famous for his ‘Sartor Resartus’, ‘The French Revolution, a History’, ‘Heroes and Hero Worship’, was a Scottish essayist, satirist and historian. Born on December 4, 1795, he was highly influential as a writer in the Victorian age.David Gascoyne, a British poet, analyses in detail the writings of […]